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Ministério da Saude SUS Governo Federal

O Ministério da Saúde é o órgão do Poder Executivo Federal responsável pela organização e elaboração de planos e políticas públicas voltados para a promoção, prevenção e assistência à saúde dos brasileiros.

Bloco G - Esplanada dos Ministérios, Brasília - DF 70058-900 Telefone:(61) 3315-2425 | Disque 136 Ouvidoria Geral do SUS Horas: quinta-feira 08:00 – 18:00

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During your stay

 

 

Health Services

Brazilian public health services are free. Foreign tourists who have health problems can seek treatment in the emergency care network of the Unified Health System (SUS) through the following services:

Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU 192)

Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU 192)
UPA
Reference hospitais during events in Brazil
* Olympics 2016

 

When to call SAMU?

  • In the event of cardiorespiratory problems;
  • In the event of exogenous intoxication;
  • In the event of severe burns;
  • In the event of abuse;
  • In cases of labor with maternal or fetal death risk;
  • In the event of suicide attempts;
  • In the event of hypertensive crises;
  • When there are accidents / traumas with victims;
  • In the event of drowning;
  • In the event of electric shocks;
  • In accidents with hazardous products;
  • In the inter-hospital transfer of patients at risk of death.
  • Provide care to patients suffering from acute clinical conditions, and first aid in surgical or trauma cases. They stabilize patients and carry out initial diagnostic investigation. In all cases, they decide on whether to refer to more complex hospital services.
    Check out the list of UPAs 24/7 in Rio de Janeiro and 6 host cities of the World Cup - Rio 2016 Olympic Games™.
Emergency Care Units (UPA24 h)
  • They provide care to patients affected by acute conditions of a clinical nature of patients and the first treatment to cases of a surgical or traumatic nature. They stabilize patients and perform the initial diagnostic investigation by defining, in all cases, the need or not to transfer the patient to hospital services of greater complexity.

 

Reference hospitals during mass events* in Brazil

ID

State

Capital

Hospital

Telephone

Address

1

Amazonas

Manaus

Hospital Pronto Socorro Dr. João Lúcio Pereira Machado

(92) 3647-1750

Av. Cosme Ferreira, 3775 - Manaus - AM, 69085-015

2

Mato Grosso

Cuiabá

Hospital Pronto Socorro Municipal de Cuiabá

(65) 3617-7812

Avenida General Vale, 192 (Bandeirantes) CEP:78010100

3

Distrito Federal

Brasília

Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal

3315-1200

SMHS - Área Especial - Q. 101 - Brasília - DF

4

Ceará

Fortaleza

Hospital José Frota

(85) 3255-5000

R Barão do Rio Branco, 1836 /Centro - Fortaleza - CE

5

Rio Grande do Norte

Natal

Hospital Monsenhor Walfredo Gurgel

(84) 3232-5138 / 5139

BR 101, Km 0, Lagoa Nova - CEP: 59.064-901 - Natal/RN

6

Pernambuco

Recife

Hospital Getúlio Vargas
Hospital da Restauração

(81) 3181.5400 // 0800.286.2828

Rua Dona Maria Augusta Nogueira, 519, Bongi

7

Bahia

Salvador

Hospital Roberto dos Santos

(71)3387-3429

RUA DIRETA DO SABOEIRO s/nº - Cabula

8

Minas Gerais

Belo Horizonte

Hospital João XXIII

(31) 3239-9200

Av. Prof. Alfredo Balena, 400 - Santa Efigênia Belo Horizonte

9

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro

Hospital Miguel Couto
Hospital Albert Schweitzer

(21) 2333-4760

R. Nilópolis, 329 - Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, 21720-040

10

São Paulo

São Paulo

Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo
Casa de Saúde Santa Marcelina

(11) 2176-7000

R. Dr. Cesário Mota Júnior, 112, Vila Buarque, São Paulo, 01221-020

11

Paraná

Curitiba

Hospital do Trabalhador

(41) 3212-5700

Av. República Argentina, 4406 - Novo Mundo, Curitiba - PR, 81050-000

12

Rio Grande do Sul

Porto Alegre

Grupo Hospitalar Conceição

(51) 33574324

Av. Francisco Trein, 596 - Cristo Redentor, Porto Alegre - RS, 91350-200

*Examples: FIFA Confederations Cup, World Youth Day, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2016 Olympic Games

 

Basic precautions during your tours:

  • Brazil is a tropical country. The constant intake of fluids is recommended to travelers in order to avoid dehydration;
  • Use comfortable clothes and footwear. They will provide you with security and protection against sprains, insect bites and accidents with venomous animals;
  • Cover up with appropriate clothing and use a hat or cap and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sun. Avoid direct exposure to the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.;
  • Use sunscreen with a protection factor suitable for the color of your skin, according to the manufacturer's guidelines. Even in colder places, your skin will be protected from sunlight;
  • Use repellents whenever necessary;
  • Wash your hands with soap and water several times a day, especially before eating, after using public conveyances, visiting crowded markets or places.

 

Consume healthy foods and drinks

  • Avoid consuming foods prepared and packed in poor hygienic conditions; Avoid raw or undercooked foods, especially seafood;
  • Packaged foods should be labeled to identify the producer and expiry date, and packaging must be intact;
  • For rural tourism, prefer foods that may be unrefrigerated and do not spoil in the heat;
  • If you have diarrhea and vomiting due to food and drink intake, take extra care with dehydration. Intake of oral rehydration salt is recommended. This is provided free of charge by the Brazilian Health System. Sports drinks do not adequately compensate for losses and should not be used for treatment of diarrheal disease.
    For more information on appropriate food consumption, see recommendations of the World Health Organization and guidelines on prevention of Foodborne Diseases (http://portalsaude.saude.gov.br/index.php?option=article&view=article&id=10923&Itemid= 643).

 

Protect yourselfe
Against insect bites

  • Upon arrival at your accommodation (hotel, hostel, and others), check carefully if there are any mosquito breeding places and eliminate them;
  • The risk of malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Chikungunya, Zika virus infection can be reduced if mosquito bites are prevented. Observe the following recommendations:
  • Look for accommodation with protective screens on doors and windows, especially if you are far from capital cities, or take a  mosquito net/curtain as an alternative;
  • On ecological tours, use clothes that protect your body against insect bites and ticks, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, socks and closed footwear.
  • In locations with malaria transmission (Amazon Region), stay, especially in the period between dusk and dawn, in locations with barriers against insect entry, such as protective screens, mosquito nets, air conditioning or others;
  • Apply insect repellent on exposed skin areas, following the manufacturer's instructions.
  • People infected with the Zika, Chikungunya or Dengue virus become reservoirs of infection for other people, both at home and in the community. Therefore, a person who is sick must observe the protection measures described above to prevent the disease from spreading.


Personal preventive measures for pregnant women and women of childbearing age who might become pregnant


Protect yourself from insect bites during pregnancy by adopting the following measures:

  • In locations with malaria transmission (Amazon Region), stay, especially in the period between dusk and dawn, in locations with barriers against insect entry, such as protective screens, mosquito nets, air conditioning or others;
  • Avoid staying in places with the presence of mosquitoes without the recommended protective measures;
  • Whenever possible, use clothing to protect as much skin surface as possible;
  • Insect repellents based on DEET, icaridin or picaridin and IR 3535 or EBAAP are considered safe for use during pregnancy;
  • If there is any change in your health status, report it to the attending health professionals for monitoring of the pregnancy;
  • Before closing the house to travel, check carefully if there are any mosquito breeding places and eliminate them.
  • People infected with the Zika, Chikungunya or Dengue virus become reservoirs of infection for others, both at home and in the community. Therefore, a person who is sick must observe the protective measures mentioned above in order to prevent the disease from spreading.

Fonte da ilustração: Ícone feito por Freepik de www.flaticon.com

Against bites or other types of accidents with animals

  • In case of accidental contact, bite, lick or scratch by mammals (dog, cat, bat, or any wild animal), wash the affected area with soap and water and seek medical attention immediately;
  • If you have accidents with venomous animals (scorpions, snakes, spiders, bees and caterpillars), do not perform homemade procedures and seek immediate local public health service. During the rescue, move as little as possible. The affected limb must be placed in a higher position in relation to the body and the bite area can only be washed with soap and water;
  • n case of accidents with jellyfish and caravels, first, to relieve initial pain, use cold compresses (cold packs wrapped in cloth, or cold sea water, if available). Then clean the injury with 5% acetic acid (e.g. vinegar), without rubbing the affected area, and then apply a bandage soaked in the same product for about 10 minutes to prevent further poisoning. It is important not to use fresh water to wash the injured site and/or apply ice packs, since this may worsen the poisoning. Remove any tentacles stuck to the skin carefully, preferably with the use of tweezers or blade. Seek medical attention for clinical evaluation of poisoning and complementary treatment, if required;
  • In cases of accidents with jellyfish and caravels, a cold sea water compress (do not use fresh water) or vinegar should be applied. Avoid rubbing the affected area;
  • Avoid direct contact with live or dead animals, and, above all, do not handle these animals, however harmless they may seem;
  • Avoid walking barefoot in forests or plantations areas. Preferably, use pants and long boots or boots with leggings (knee-high protection);
  • In the specific case of spiders and scorpions, inspect clothing and shoes before wearing them, or covers and towels before using them;
  • While conducting trails or nature walks, carefully examine the places you lean on (trees, rocks);
  • Beware of bees and wasps. They are attracted by sounds, smells and colors, such as noises and garden equipment and boat engines;
  • Do not reach into holes and burrows.

Alcoholic drinks

  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation;
  • In Brazil, it is forbidden by law to drive after consuming alcohol, even in small quantities.

 

Safety in vehicles

  • It is mandatory to wear seat belts in vehicles;
  • For children, it is also mandatory to use car seats in the back seat of the car;
  • If driving motorcycles or bicycles, always wear a helmet. In Brazil, a specific driving license is required for motorcycles.

Tobacco smoking

  • In Brazil, smoking is prohibited in closed public places, even those fully or partially separated on any of their sides by a wall, partition, ceiling, roof or cover. Pay attention, because this applies to restaurants, bars, nightclubs, hotels, airports, etc.

Safe sex

  • In Brazil, condoms are distributed free by the government and are available in health clinics, emergency care units, hostels, Tourist Service Centers and other distribution points scattered around the cities. Always carry condoms with you to facilitate their use and prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Using a condom is one of the most practical and effective ways to protect against HIV. In Brazil, male and female condoms and gel can be obtained free of charge at health centers, first aid units, hostels, Tourist Service Centers and other distribution points in cities. In addition to HIV, using a condom protects from sexually transmitted infections and viral hepatitis. There are other ways to prevent such infections. Talk to your health care professional. Other prevention methods may be combined, according to your needs. Health is a right for all. Everyone is entitled to correct information and care without bias, stigma or discrimination. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to take a test (blood and/or oral fluid). With the rapid test, the result can be obtained within 30 minutes. If indicated, treatment is guaranteed by the Brazilian Health System (SUS), reducing the chances of transmission and increasing the quality of life of people living with AIDS.


Prevention of respiratory disease transmission

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially before eating any food; before meals, touching your eyes, mouth and nose and after coughing, sneezing or using the toilet;
  • If water and soap are not available, use alcohol gel if possible;
  • Avoid touching mucous membranes of eyes, nose and mouth;
  • When coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief, preferably disposable. If not, avoid sneezing on your hands. It is recommended to sneeze into the inner part of your forearm (near the elbow).
  • Avoid close contact with sick people;
  • Do not share personal items such as cutlery, plates, glasses or bottles;
  • Sick individuals should rest, eat a balanced diet, increase fluid intake and avoid crowds and closed spaces;
  • Keep rooms ventilated;
  • Always pay attention to more severe respiratory symptoms, and seek immediate medical attention

Accidental intoxications

  • In Brazil, the main chemicals that result in poisoning by accidental exposure are medicines, disinfectants, drug abuse, industrial chemicals and agricultural pesticides. So keep in a safe place out of reach of children: drugs, liquid soaps, shampoos, conditioners, perfumes, powders and repellents;
  • In case of exposure to these products, and if you feel unwell, allergy or discomfort after using repellent, ask for guidance at the intoxication hotline (0800-722-6001). The call is toll-free anywhere in the country.


Back home

  • Some diseases can manifest their symptoms when the traveler returns to his place of origin. Should this happen during or shortly after your arrival, seek health services and inform the doctor about your trip. This information can help in the diagnosis.

Violence prevention

  • In Brazil, any unconsented lewd act is considered sexual violence, even without vaginal penetration.
  • In case of sexual violence, seek care immediately at a health unit.
  • The health service will provide drugs for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B vaccine. In the case of women or adolescent girls, emergency contraception (method to prevent forced and unwanted pregnancies resulting from rape) is also provided.
  • Brazil was formed by many peoples and has huge ethnic, racial, religious and cultural diversity. Racism in the country is a non-bailable and imprescriptible offence.
  • In Brazil, children and adolescents are protected by law against various forms of violence, namely, neglect, discrimination, exploitation (including sexual), cruelty and oppression. If you have knowledge that a child or adolescent is suffering some form of violence, go to the Civil Police or call Human Rights - Dial 100. If you witness violence, you can immediately call the Military Police (Phone 190)
  • Violence inflicted against elderly people may also be reported to the Civil Police or Dial 100.
  • In Brazil, suspected or confirmed cases of some types of violence must be reported by all health services (public or private)
  • domestic/within-the-family violence;
  • sexual violence;
  • trafficking in persons;
  • slave labor;
  • child labor;
  • torture;
  • legal intervention; and
  • homophobic violence against women and men of any age.
  • In the case of violence outside the family/community violence, only violence against children, adolescents, women, the elderly, people with disabilities, indigenous people and LGBT population (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) will be notified.
  • In the country, violence against women is a criminal offense subject to arrest. Cases of violence can be reported to the Women’s Service Center - call 180. Violence against women can also be reported at the Specialized Women’s Care Police Offices or Civil Police Offices
  • Remember that alcohol consumption is a factor that increases the inclination towards violence. Also, being under the influence of alcohol can increase a person's vulnerability to suffer some kind of violence. If you choose to drink, use common sense and moderation.
  • In Brazil, it is illegal to drive any vehicle under the influence of alcohol. Consumption of alcoholic beverages associated with driving increases the risk of car accidents and has serious criminal and administrative consequences
  • The sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under 18 is prohibited in Brazil, according to the Statute of Children and Adolescents.

 

 

Saúde baseada em evidências
Disque Saúde - Ouvidoria Geral do SUS
Ministério da Saúde - Governo Federal - Brasil