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Ministério da Saude SUS Governo Federal

O Ministério da Saúde é o órgão do Poder Executivo Federal responsável pela organização e elaboração de planos e políticas públicas voltados para a promoção, prevenção e assistência à saúde dos brasileiros.

Bloco G - Esplanada dos Ministérios, Brasília - DF 70058-900 Telefone:(61) 3315-2425 | Disque 136 Ouvidoria Geral do SUS Horas: quinta-feira 08:00 – 18:00

Portal da Saúde

Saúde do Viajante

DURING YOUR STAY

HEALTH GUARDIANS

 

Download the mobile app "Health Guardians" and report to the health authorities how you are feeling. You will help the country identify potential outbreaks and prevent disease. Help Brazil take care of your health and ours! http://guardioesdasaude.org/


 

Be a health guardian of your community, download the app.

 

Participate in disease prevention, actively contributing to health surveillance in Brazil.

 

 

FLU PREVENTION





Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use alcohol gel if it is not possible to wash your hands.

When coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or napkin (preferably disposable). If you don't have one, sneeze or cough into the inside of your forearm (near the elbow).

Do not share personal items such as cutlery, plates, glasses or bottles.

Keep rooms ventilated and avoid close contact with sick people.

If you are sick, avoid crowds and indoors. It is also important to rest, eat a balanced diet and increase fluid intake.

Always pay attention to more severe respiratory symptoms. In this case, seek immediate health care.

HEALTH SERVICES

Public health services in Brazil are free of charge. Foreign tourists who have health problems can seek the emergency care network of the Brazilian Health System (SUS).

Check the 24h Emergency Care Unit network  http://guardioesdasaude.org/

 

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES



Using condoms is one of the most practical and effective ways to protect against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Scientific evidence shows that the Zika virus can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse.

In Brazil, female and male condoms and lubricant gel can be obtained for free at health clinics, emergency units, hostels, Tourist Service Centers and other distribution points located throughout cities.

 

SUN PROTECTION



Brazil has a tropical climate with high incidence of solar radiation and heat most of the year. Protect yourself from the sun with appropriate clothing, including hat or cap and sunscreen. Avoid direct sun exposure between 10am and 4pm. Drink plenty of fluids. .

 

FOOD AND BEVERAGES



Avoid drinking tap water, or from rivers, fountains and springs. Not all states supply drinking water directly from taps. It is best to consume bottled mineral water.
Drink plenty of fluids. If you have three episodes of diarrhea within 24 hours or an episode of diarrhea with vomiting, seek immediate health care.

PAY ATTENTION TO:

- Cleanliness of rooms, restaurants, bathrooms, prefer disposable utensils;

- Wash your hands frequently;

- Storage conditions, temperature and presentation of food;

- Avoid food from street vendors or suspicious sources;

- Avoid raw and undercooked meat;

- Avoid raw eggs;

- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating;

- Do not eat food from packaging that is torn, with open seals and lids, bulging or past expiry date..

 

ACCIDENTS WITH ANIMALS

 

Mammals

In case of bites or scratches from dogs, cats, bats, or any other wild animals, wash the affected area with soap and water and seek immediate health care.

Venomous animals

If you have accidents with scorpions, snakes, spiders, bees and caterpillars, do not resort to home remedies, seek immediate care at the local health service. While being removed and receiving care, move as little as possible. The affected member should be placed higher relative to the body, and the site of the bite should be washed with soap and water only. And remember, before putting on shoes and clothes, check for small venomous animals inside. Spiders and scorpions can make their way into footwear.

Jellyfish and Portuguese man-of-war

To relieve initial pain, apply cold seawater compresses. Then wash the injury with 5% acetic acid (e.g. vinegar), without rubbing the affected area. Afterward, apply a compress of the same product for about 10 minutes to prevent further poisoning.

It is important not to use fresh water to wash the injury site or in the cold compresses, as it may increase poisoning. The tentacles stuck to the skin should be removed carefully, preferably with the use of tweezers or a blade. Seek medical care for clinical evaluation of poisoning.

 

INSECT BITES

 

Be aware of the risk of infection by mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Chikungunya and Zika virus. To prevent them, here are some simple procedures:

1 - Apply repellent on exposed skin, following the manufacturer's instructions;
2 - Stay in places that have protective screens on doors and windows, especially if you are away from capital cities, or use mosquito nets as an alternative;
3 - On ecological tours, use clothes that protect against insect bites and ticks, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, socks and closed shoes;
4 - In locations with malaria transmission (Amazon Region), especially in the period between dusk and dawn, stay in places with barriers to the entry of insects such as protective screens, mosquito nets, air conditioning, and always use repellent.

 

ACCIDENTAL POISONING

 

 

If you notice any kind of poisoning from exposure to chemical products (medicines, cleaning products, drug use, industrial chemicals and agricultural pesticides), seek guidance through the poison hotline: 0800-722-6001 (toll free).

If you are abroad, seek immediate health care.

 

 

Saúde baseada em evidências
Disque Saúde - Ouvidoria Geral do SUS
Ministério da Saúde - Governo Federal - Brasil