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Ministério da Saude SUS Governo Federal

O Ministério da Saúde é o órgão do Poder Executivo Federal responsável pela organização e elaboração de planos e políticas públicas voltados para a promoção, prevenção e assistência à saúde dos brasileiros.

Bloco G - Esplanada dos Ministérios, Brasília - DF 70058-900 Telefone:(61) 3315-2425 | Disque 136 Ouvidoria Geral do SUS Horas: quinta-feira 08:00 – 18:00

Portal da Saúde


1.   Introduction 

The Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games are historical mass events that bring together in the host country people from all over the world. The Games are held every four years in a specific country and bring together sportsmen and sportswomen who compete in diverse modalities. The 2016 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games have Brazil as their host country and Rio de Janeiro as their host city and will be held between August 5th and 21st and September 7th and 18th, respectively. Notwithstanding, football matches will also be played in a further five Brazilian cities: Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Manaus, Salvador and São Paulo. 

Brazil is renowned for its experience in preparing and organizing large international events held with total success, such as the 2007 Pan American Games and Parapan American Games, Rio+20, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the 2013 World Youth Day, the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the I World Indigenous Games in 2015. 

2. Objective 

To assess public health risks that could occur in the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games host cities during the Games themselves, with emphasis on risks with potential relevant impact on public health.  

3. Assessment Methods

The methodological strategy has been supported by a review of the literature as well as initial criteria such as: diseases and illnesses, seasonal factors and target audience, likelihood of the occurrence of risks and potential impact during the Games. Other important considerations when planning for such risks are tests, exercises and operational activities already undertaken routinely, and checking whether they are adequate for this large-scale event.  

The first stage of analysis involved gathering technical knowledge and data on diseases and health risks, as well as promotion, prevention and control strategies developed and programmed by the diverse technical areas of the Ministry of Health and State and Municipal Health Departments. As well as establishing interaction between stakeholders, this strategy enabled detailed planning to take place, in order to identify the occurrence of possible health events, in circulation and over recent years, as well as potential consequences, so as to be able to delineate control and/or prevention strategies.  

During the second stage of analysis, specifically in relation to notifiable diseases, data was gathered from the Notifiable Conditions Information System (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN) through assessment of time series, with the aim of estimating possible health events during the Games regarding diseases in existence in Brazil.  

The third stage included possible imported risks owing to the influx of foreign visitors for the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The following sources were used for this analysis: EIS for IHR National Focal Points (official information) and HealthMap (rumours).  

The fourth stage involved the holding of workshops in the Games host cities, with the participation of diverse sectors of the State and Municipal Health Departments, in order to draw up the texts containing the risk assessment for each city. The texts were revised by technical staff from the respective Health Departments and were then consolidated by the Health Ministry’s Health Surveillance Secretariat (SVS/MS).  

This risk assessment took into consideration the current epidemiological situation both in Brazil and it the host cities, especially with regard to risks relating to selected communicable diseases, environmental risks, violence and accidents in the host cities.  

The selection of some communicable diseases took into consideration their greater potential of introduction or reintroduction into the country bearing in mind their impact. 

Risks relating to security, terrorism (CBRN) and products and services subject to Health Surveillance are dealt with in other specific documents. A CBRN Contingency Plan is available on the SVS/MS.  

The text containing the assessment of the specific risks has been formatted with standardized questions of interest to citizens (residents or visitors), in terms of knowledge about risks, measures already taken or to be taken, as well as pertinent recommendations in the event of the risk materializing.  

In this assessment, the definition of risk was taken to be health risks occurring over and above the normal level for given diseases or conditions in the specific place and at the specific time of year, both in terms of magnitude and severity. This assessment does therefore not include public health events that occur routinely and within the magnitude expected for the places and times at which the Games will be held, nor does it replace specific existing contingency plans for public health emergency situations.  

The target audiences of this document are the participants of the Olympic Games (delegations, spectators, staff), people living in the host cities, as well as health professionals in those cities and at the places of origin of the delegations.


Rio de Janeiro  

Belo Horizonte




São Paulo


Saúde baseada em evidências
Disque Saúde - Ouvidoria Geral do SUS
Ministério da Saúde - Governo Federal - Brasil